Causes Grow Fungus On Nails and How To Treat It

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You may have heard of fungal infections on the skin, such as panu, rancid, and ringworm. Or you've experienced it yourself. But did you know that yeast infection can also affect toenails? What is the cause of the growth of fungus on the nail? Can these unsightly sights be treated once for all? Check here the answer.

What causes the growth of fungus in toenails?

Fungal infections can attack any part of the body. This is because the fungus is usually present in and on the surface of the body, living in harmony with other bacterial compounds. As the fungus begins to flourish too far, you can get infected. Toenails can be mushroom when the colony of this fungus attacks the nail layer or top. The fungus can also infect the toenails from inside through the nail and nail barrier, the cracks in the brittle nails, or open wounds around the skin of your toes.

Fungal infections in toenails are most often caused by a fungal colony called Onychomycosis or also called tinea unguium. But other types of fungi can cause the same infection in the toenail - for example, the fungus that causes thrush, and the fungi that cause the ringworm, ringworm, and water flea.

Nyeker by the pool, one of the causes of yeast infection in the toenail (source: shutterstock)
Mushrooms thrive in a warm and humid environment. The foot is rarely exposed to the sun because it is almost always covered in shoes or socks so that the temperature of the environment down there will be more damp than the fingernails of the hands. Therefore the fungus can reproduce fertile in the toenails.

Another common way to contract nail fungus infections is to walk barefoot in warm and humid areas (such as pool edges, wet soil, or gym changing rooms), or legs that continue to sweat all day long. Toenails can also be mushrooms when you are infected from others who have rancid or ringworm on the skin of their hands. The infection can then spread to your skin and even toenails.

What are the symptoms of yeast infection in toenails?

Fungal infections of the feet usually cause the color of the nails to change dramatically - for example turbid white, yellow, brown, or variations of these colors. First of all nail color changes will occur only partially, or even just at some point, before it gradually spread to the entire surface of the nail. The surface of the nail may feel thin, soft, dry, and powdery.

In some cases, infected toenails may thicken and harden, but are raised and no longer attached to the back of the finger so easily broken or dislodged. Toenailed mushrooms also usually emit an unpleasant odor.

Toe nails that the mushrooms initially did not hurt so maybe you ignore the symptoms. But if you procrastinate to the doctor to check the strangeness of the toenails, the fungus can grow more extends in the toenails. In the end, the infection can be very painful, even wearing shoes is difficult.

Adults, especially men and over the age of 65, are at higher risk for fungal infections in toenails. This is because the older you age, the circulation of blood and nail growth will slow down as part of the aging process. Some health conditions such as diabetes, HIV, cancer (and / or current chemo), psoriasis, and circulatory problems can also increase your risk of fungal infections in your nails.

How to treat fungal infections on toenails?

Treating fungal infections on the nails can be a long process, depending on the type of fungus the cause and how severe the infection. The doctor may recommend one of these four treatment options, or instead combine several at once for a single treatment:

Ointment or cream that can be applied directly on the nail
Antifungal medicines taken (eg terbinafine, itraconazole, fluconazole, griseofulvin)
Anti-fungal nail polish
In addition to the above three options, doctors can also cut short of any infected nails or even at once with areas of skin that are also infected around the nail. The doctor will also erode the "daki" that accumulates under the nail to trim the growth of the fungus.

It should be noted that nail care products normally sold in supermarkets or nearby stalls are not recommended to treat yeast infections as they are proven not to deliver reliable results. This is because most yeast infections can recur in the future.

Nail infections are not considered fully cured until new nails free from infection have grown. Although this indicates that your toenails are no longer infected, the chances of a yeast infection may return. In severe cases, there may be permanent damage to your nails. For some extreme cases like this, the doctor may raise the whole nail completely through surgery.

Is there a way to prevent fungal infections on the feet?

Nail infections can be prevented simply by applying good personal hygiene. How to prevent fungal infections in toenails include:

  • Keep your nails dry and clean (Use soap and water to wash your feet, and dry well, including between your toes)
  • Diligent nail clippers - cut the nail to keep it shorter than the tip of the toe. Cut straight across. Make sure the tool you use to cut your nails is also clean
  • Wash hands after touching infected nails
  • Avoid barefoot in public areas
  • Reduce the use of artificial nails and nail polish
  • Wear socks made of cool to let your feet skin breathe
  • Wear shoes or sandals in public areas and swimming pools
  • Avoid sharing shoes and socks with others
  • Get a manicure or pedicure from a trustworthy salon
  • Avoid hurting the skin around your nails
  • If your work or activity requires your legs to be wet or damp for a long time, you may want to wear rubber boots that cover up to the calf.
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