5 Types of Non-Cancer Breast Lumps

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Finding a lump in the breast can be a nightmare for everyone, especially women. But before making a quick decision, you should know that not all breast lumps are a sign of breast cancer. Some lumps in the breast can also be benign tumors that tend to be harmless.

When doing BSE (Check Your Own Breasts) and find a lump, note some of the characteristics of a lump in the following breast abnormalities:

1. Fibrocystic abnormalities

Most breast lumps are fibrosis or cysts that are abnormal changes in breast tissue and are not malignant or noncancerous. This change is commonly called fibrocystic breast changes and is usually detected due to a lump in the breast, pain, or even swelling of the breast. These conditions and symptoms usually worsen with the start of a woman's menstrual period.

Lumps that are felt in the breast may be more than one and sometimes from the nipple will come out a little cloudy liquid. This condition tends to be commonly experienced by women of childbearing age and can occur in one breast or in both breasts.

2. Fibrosis

This network is almost similar to wound tissue. If touched, fibrosis in the breast will feel supple, solid, and hard. This disorder will not cause or develop into breast cancer. Research related to the increased risk of breast cancer in those suffering from fibrocystic disorders result in diverse conclusions. Some say that if you have fibrocystic abnormalities then the risk of breast cancer in the future will increase, but there is also a claim that having fibrocystic abnormalities will not increase the risk of breast cancer.

3. Cysts

The cyst is a fluid filled sac. The presence of cysts are usually only detected when the size has been enlarged or called (macro cyst) in which the size reaches 2.5-5 cm. At this stage you can already feel a lump in the breast. Cysts tend to dilate and become tender when approaching the menstrual period. Cyst lumps are usually round or oval and are easily moved or moved when touched, such as touching marbles. But cyst lumps and other solid bumps are hard to distinguish.

Further examination is necessary to obtain accurate data whether the lump is actually a cyst. Just like fibrosis, cysts also do not increase your risk of breast cancer.

4. Fibroadenoma

It is one of the most common types of benign tumors most commonly experienced by women. Its characteristics is to be moved or moved where, If pressed, the lump will feel solid or solid, round or oval, and elastic. Usually breast lump is also not cause pain when pressed. Fibroadenomas commonly experienced by those aged 20-30 years and African-American race tend to have a higher risk of fibroadenoma later in life. In addition, fibroadenoma bumps usually also tend to take a long time to grow larger but it is not possible the size will be very large (or called giant fibroadenoma).

Fibroadenoma will not develop into cancer, and just like fibrosis and cysts, studies of whether fibroadenoma may increase the risk of developing breast cancer later in life have not given a definitive answer.

5. Intraductal papilloma

It is a benign, non-cancerous tumor, formed in the mammary gland. Usually intraductal papilloma palpable in the form of a large lump located near the nipple, or it can also form a few small bumps located away from the nipple. The size of these tumor bumps ranges from 1-2 cm, may be larger or even smaller depending on where the lump is grown. Formed from glands, fibrous cells, and blood vessels, intraductal papilloma is more common in those aged 35 to 55 years.

If the intraductal papilloma consists of only one lump and is located close to the nipple, this condition is usually not associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. But multiple papillomas aka more than one tumor and spread in the breast away from the nipple, can make your risk for breast cancer later on slightly increased. This is because multiple papillomas are often associated with a pre-cancerous condition called atypical hyperplasia.

How to tell if my breast lump is cancer or not?

Based on the above explanation, it can be concluded that usually benign and benign breast lumps have some of the following characteristics:

  • Tend to be easily moved or shifted to the touch
  • Has a clear boundary
  • Oval or round (usually feels like marbles)
  • Activity tends to follow the menstrual cycle
  • Can be painful or not at all
  • Growth is slow

For a clearer diagnosis, you are advised to see a doctor. Follow-up checks (such as ultrasound and mammography) may be needed and will provide more accurate results regarding lumps in your breasts.
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