Abdominal pain-symptoms, causes, and how to treat

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Abdominal pain is pain that comes up in between the chest and the pelvis. Abdominal pain sufferers can feel the sensation of cramp, sore, and impaled on the abdominal area. Almost all people have experienced abdominal pain. Most do not have a serious cause, but there is some abdominal pain be a symptom of other diseases that are more serious and dangerous. We must be able to recognize the symptoms of which appear on a stomach ache to find out the cause so that it can be treated quickly and precisely.

Pain in the abdomen can refer to the stomach cramps or abdominal pain. This condition is usually temporary and harmless. If severe abdominal pain occurs suddenly and is centered on one specific point, usually a harbinger of this state of emergency. Contact your doctor immediately if this happens.

Abdominal pain-symptoms, causes, and how to treat


The cause of the
Stomach pain can be caused by many factors. Here are some of the causes of abdominal pain based on the conditions that accompany it:

Abdominal pain due to Diarrhea
Diarrhea is one of the most common conditions to occur in Indonesia among the public, especially in children. Stomach cramps are often accompanied by diarrhea likely indicates a condition called gastroenteritis. Gastroenteritis is an inflammation of the stomach and intestines are also caused by bacterial or viral infections. People suffering from gastroenteritis usually experience diarrhea and vomiting as well. This condition is generally caused by norovirus and bacteria also cause food poisoning, i.e., salmonella and campylobacter.

Norovirus infection easily transmissible. It is usually spread through contaminated food and drink. We can also become infected through direct contact with an infected person.

Campylobacter and salmonella bacteria generally goes into the body through contamination raw foods, foods that are not cooked properly, and unpasteurized milk.

Severe abdominal cramps accompanied by diarrhea and vomiting can make very body condition declined. The body will experience dehydration if too much fluid is wasted through diarrhea and vomiting. If you have this condition, make sure you're always consuming plenty of fluids. This condition generally can improve by itself. But if this happens for a few days, this might be caused by other diseases that need to look out for. Check with your doctor immediately to make sure your condition.

In addition to gastroenteritis, a common cause of abdominal pain accompanied by diarrhea are dysentery, allergic reactions, infections, typhus, premenstrual syndrome, and side effects of drugs.

Stomach cramps due to Cold
Wind is the result of the process of biological digestion of food and drinks. The symptoms will be experienced when a person enters the wind was belching, abdominal bloating, and feeling full. Some of the foods that cause cold are onions, broccoli, cauliflower and fizzy drinks. Foods high in fiber can also increase the amount of wind is produced.

Cold is a common condition. This condition can cause the onset of stomach cramps and bloat as well. To cope with the cold, lots of drugs that are sold in pharmacies and do not require a doctor's prescription. You can also reduce symptoms by eating slowly and making sure the positioning of dentures (if using) in order to be installed right without causing cracks.

Sudden abdominal pain and severe
Although almost all pain or stomach cramps will heal by itself, if the pain of the abdomen is experienced agonizing, soon encountered the doctor or to the hospital as soon as possible. This could be a serious disease is a symptom. If true, these conditions should immediately get a proper handling.

The following are some of the diseases that can cause abdominal pain that is sudden and severe or serious in nature:

Appendicitis. Appendicitis is a bag that looks like a finger and connected to the large intestine. The inflammation that occurs in this bag is causing pain in the lower right part of your abdomen. This condition requires that the Appendix removed by surgery.

Kidney stones. A kidney stone is a stone in the form of tiny crystals made from substances and minerals in the urine. Small kidney stones can still be expelled through the urine, but a large Kidney stone can inhibit urinary tract system and generally require surgery. The main cause of the occurrence of kidney stones due to lack of drinking water. Try to drink 2 liters of water a day.

Peptic ulcer. Ulcers are sores on the wall of the stomach or intestine. This wound is formed by the erosion of the lining of the walls is happening slowly. Over time, the left will cause an ulcer bleeding. In the end, all the layers of the wall where the ulcer is going increasingly eroded and it is making holes in the digestive tract. This condition requires medical handling as soon as possible.

Diverticulitis. This is an inflammation of a diverticulum or small pockets in the colon wall. Diverticulitis can cause symptoms such as abdominal pain, fever, bloating, diarrhea, and nausea.

Gallstones. There are stones in the gallbladder is formed from cholesterol and is also the pigment in the bile. To get rid of gallstones to do the surgery. The procedure is now commonly done is laparoscopic koleksistektomi.

Severe abdominal pain may also be due to gastroenteritis or the stomach muscles that are interested. Meet the doctor immediately or go to the nearest hospital if an agonizing abdominal pain.

Chronic or Recurrent abdominal pain
Abdominal pain that occurs on a recurrent or chronic (long-term) needs to be promptly sent to the doctor so that could essentially cause known.

Some causes of chronic or recurrent abdominal pain in adults include constipation, menstruation, infections of the urinary tract, and heartburn. While the more rare causes are:

Crohn's Disease. This disease is a long-term condition that causes inflammation of the walls of the digestive system.
Irritable bowel syndrome. This syndrome is a common condition that occurs when the muscles in the wall of the intestine into spasms so hardened. The pain will be gone with the wind throw or throw a big water.
Symptoms
Essentially, colic is a symptom of a number of other diseases. If the symptoms you are experiencing abdominal pain does not improve or is accompanied by symptoms such as below, it is recommended to see a doctor:


  • Vomiting for several days.
  • Attacks of fever.
  • Cannot defecate.
  • Painful urination or too often.
  • The pain comes from an injury to the abdomen.
  • Abdominal pain if touched.

Some of the symptoms below is probably a clue the existence of serious problems in the stomach and need care as soon as possible. Search medical help immediately if you experience:

Vomiting blood.

  • Bowel movements mixed with blood.
  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Sensing an upset stomach at the time of pregnancy.
  • Diagnosis and treatment of
  • As already mentioned earlier, abdominal pain is generally a symptom of another disease. Causes of abdominal pain can be diagnosed through a number of ways. The most common is by checking the patient's physical condition by pressing a number of points in the abdomen. This inspection will be combined with the symptoms experienced by patients to enable doctors in diagnosing the causes of the emergence of pain in the stomach.


In addition to checking the patient's physical condition, your doctor will likely do some tests such as ultrasound scanning, x-rays, or MRIS. This series will assist physicians in diagnosing the possibility of a tumor, inflammation, bone fractures, or other problems. The doctor will probably collect blood, urine, and feces (feces) sample of patients to examine the possibility of the influence of bacterial, viral, or parasitic infections.

If the patient's condition never improved, doctors would probably test the advanced stages consisting of colonoscopy (to check the State of the intestine and colon), endoscopy (to detect inflammation or abnormalities in the stomach and esophagus), or with upper gastrointestinal (scanning with the help of barium).

Medicine against stomach aches varies, depending on the type of disease being the cause. The types of drugs used also adapted to cause, for example, drugs to address inflammation, antibiotics, ulcer, gastric acid in the stomach, and many more. In some cases, surgery should be done to overcome stomach ache caused by some chronic diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease and hernias.

Prevention
Not all abdominal pain can be prevented. However, you can lower the risk of becoming infected with stomach aches by keeping the stomach of health. The health of the stomach is very related to the condition of the digestive system. Here are some suggestions that can be done to help keep your digestive health:

  • Drink mineral water to taste, at least 2 liters daily.
  • Fibrous food treasure to prevent constipation.
  • Reduce the consumption of fatty foods so that the digestive system becomes healthier.
  • Avoid caffeinated beverages like coffee, tea, and carbonated drinks.
  • More frequent eating yogurt is good for the stomach.



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